he Pinacothèque de Paris will present from October 13, 2011 to March 11, 2012 a new reading of the German Expressionnism. This art movement will be considered through the confrontation of the two founder groups, Der Blaue Reiter and Brücke.
The title Expressionismus & Expressionismi refers to the major exhibition on Futurism, intitled Futurismo & Futurismi, held in Venice in 1986. This neologism allowed to show the diversity of movements making up the Italian Futurism. The title of the present exhibition also illustrates the diversity of the origins of the German Expressionism. Often viewed as monolithic, this movement is however composed of two diametrically opposite groups.
Brücke is an art group founded in Dresden in 1905 and than settled in Berlin from 1908. The founders, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff emphasized emotional creation, turned to artist’s feelings and perceptions. These artists expressed their instinctive relations to pan-Germanic decadence epoch, to which they became the helpless and sad witnesses.
As for Der Blaue Reiter, it was formed of artists and philosophers who developed a theoretical or even spiritual approach of the work of art. Heir of the German concept «total work of art», this purely intellectual movement was formed in Munich in 1911 at the initiative of Vassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Der Blaue Reiter saw ideal artistic creativity in an harmonious balance between the disciplines.
This exhibition will present, around one hundred and seventy works, these two different but representative movement of the German Expressionnism. Always interested in dialogue between the arts, the Pinacothèque de Paris invites visitors to discover the essential and antagonistic nuances, by confronting the artists and artworks.
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